Historical Houses in Dublin You Must Visit



Historical Houses in Dublin

Affiliate Disclaimer: Just a wee heads-up: Some of our links might be affiliate ones. Don’t fret! It won’t cost you a penny more. If you click and buy through them, we might earn a small commission. Sure, it helps keep the lights on here at Dublin Events. Thanks a million for your support and for joining in on the craic!

What secrets do the historical houses in Dublin hold within their storied walls? In the heart of Ireland’s capital, these homes stand as monuments to a rich past, each with a unique story waiting to be discovered.

This article offers you an exclusive look into Dublin’s renowned historical houses, detailing their architectural beauty, fascinating origins, and the significance they hold in Ireland’s tapestry of history.

Key Takeaways on Dublin’s Historical Houses

  • Dublin’s historic houses in the city centre and South Dublin, like the Dutch Billies and Georgian homes, reflect the city’s architectural diversity and evolution from past to present.
  • Trinity College Dublin boasts significant architectural marvels, including the Old Library that houses the Book of Kells, symbolizing Ireland’s artistic and cultural heritage.
  • County Dublin features hidden architectural gems like Ardgillan Castle and Newbridge House, each with its unique history and contribution to Ireland’s diverse architectural landscape.

Dublin’s Architectural Marvels: Historic Houses in the City Centre

Dublin’s city centre is a treasure trove of architectural marvels. Walking down any street, you’re met with a diverse array of historic houses, each with their own unique charm and history. These buildings, from the towering townhouses on O’Connell Street to the quaint Dutch Billies on Aungier Street, tell the tale of Dublin’s vibrant past and its evolution into the bustling Dublin city it is today, with the heart of it all being the Dublin city centre.

A prime example of these architectural gems is the General Post Office (GPO), which stands grandly on O’Connell Street. More than just a building, the GPO is a symbol of Ireland’s fight for independence in the early 20th century, making it a must-visit for anyone interested in Irish history.

Delving deeper into the city reveals the Dutch Billies, a distinctive part of Dublin’s architectural heritage. These buildings, with their timber panelled walls, corner fireplaces, and servants quarters, offer an enchanting glimpse into the city’s past.

South Dublin’s Elegant Georgian Homes

A trip to the south of Dublin unfolds a landscape adorned with elegant Georgian homes. These structures, built during an 18th-century property boom, are a testament to the city’s prosperity during that time. From Rutland Square to Fitzwilliam Square, every corner of South Dublin is a showcase of the area’s architectural grandeur.

North Inner City’s Towering Townhouses and Treacherous Tenements

These homes, with their use of brick, balanced uniformity, elaborate plasterwork, and slate roof, are a reflection of the architectural genius of Richard Castle, the renowned architect behind structures like 85 St. Stephen’s Green and Leinster House. The brightly colored doors, a characteristic feature of Dublin’s Georgian architecture, add a touch of whimsy to the grandeur of these historic houses.

In stark contrast to the Georgian elegance of South Dublin, the North Inner City harbors towering townhouses and treacherous tenements. These buildings, steeped in history, provide a different perspective on Dublin’s architectural story.

One notable example is number 130 Thomas Street, the oldest house in Dublin. This townhouse, which has seen generations of families within its walls, is an integral part of Dublin’s architectural history and its family tree.

Another significant site is Thomas Street itself, one of the major roads in Ireland. Once a prominent hub for the silk trade, it is now home to historic buildings like Fades and Blades barber shop, where you can still see the original wooden beams and brickwork.

Trinity College Dublin and Its Historic Buildings

Leaving the bustling city center behind, we move towards the hallowed halls of Trinity College Dublin. Founded in 1592, this esteemed institution is not just a center of learning but also a cradle of architectural marvels. The campus is home to several historic buildings, among them the Old Library and the Book of Kells exhibit, as well as the Dining Hall and The Chapel.

Designed by Thomas Burgh, The Old Library symbolizes the artistic and cultural accomplishments of the Irish Church during the eighth and ninth centuries. Housing the Book of Kells, one of the most famous illuminated manuscripts in the world, it is a must-visit for any history enthusiast.

Old Library and the Book of Kells

Constructed in 1712, the Old Library is a marvel of architecture in its own right. Its design, characterized by square-headed window openings, fluted keystone detail, and timber sliding sash windows, is a reflection of the architectural style of the period.

The Book of Kells, an illuminated manuscript of the four Gospels of the New Testament, is the crown jewel of the Old Library. This significant artifact, showcasing the artistic prowess of the Irish Church during the eighth and ninth centuries, is a beacon of Dublin’s rich literary history.

Dining Hall and The Chapel

The Dining Hall, a remarkable dining room, is another standout architectural feature of Trinity College. Originally built in 1741 by Richard Castle, it underwent restoration following a fire in 1984. With its Ionic architectural style, the Dining Hall is a testament to Dublin’s architectural evolution.

Alongside the Dining Hall stands The Chapel, another important historical structure within the college. Designed by Sir William Chambers in 1798, it is used by individuals of all religious denominations, reflecting the inclusive ethos of Trinity College. Its architectural features, including a groin-vaulted ceiling and an organ gallery supported on Greek Ionic columns, make it a must-visit.

Journey Through Time: 18th and 19th Century Historical Houses

Exploring 18th and 19th-century historical houses in Dublin

Our chronological journey next leads us to the 18th and 19th-century historical houses in Dublin. These structures, each with its own story, offer us a glimpse into the city’s architectural evolution.

Among these are 14 Henrietta Street with its impressive ground floor and Glebe House, two buildings that have stood the test of time.

14 Henrietta Street

14 Henrietta Street, a Georgian house, provides a unique perspective on Dublin’s history. Originally the residence of a single affluent family, it transformed into a dwelling for over 100 individuals, mirroring the socio-economic shifts in Dublin during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Today, visitors can explore its grandeur and history through guided tours, offering them an immersive experience of Dublin’s past.

A visit to 14 Henrietta Street offers:

  • A glimpse into the life of the families that once called this place home
  • Original wooden beams, brickwork, and other features that showcase the building’s history
  • The opportunity to experience the opulence of the Georgian era and the stark reality of tenement life
  • A testament to Dublin’s ever-evolving history

Glebe House

Glebe House is yet another historic landmark in Dublin. Built in the 13th century, this structure is currently owned by Frank Kerins, who acquired it in 1989.

Over the years, Glebe House has undergone significant restoration, standing today as a symbol of Dublin’s commitment to preserving its architectural heritage.

Glebe House offers visitors a unique experience. They can explore the house, learning about its history and the people who once lived there. The house also hosts various recreational activities, making it a beloved destination for both locals and tourists.

An artistic interpretation of Oscar Wilde's works, featuring visual symbols like a portrait for 'The Picture of Dorian Gray', a handbag for 'The Importance of Being Earnest', and a fan for 'Lady Windermere's Fan', set against an elegant Victorian background.

Oscar Wilde’s Childhood Home and Legacy

We continue our exploration to the childhood home of Oscar Wilde, one of Ireland’s most renowned literary figures. Located at One Merrion Square, this house served as the residence of Wilde’s parents, who were esteemed figures in Victorian Dublin.

Today, this historic house stands as a tribute to Wilde’s literary legacy and his deep ties to Dublin.

Merrion Square Park Sculpture

A short walk from Wilde’s childhood home takes us to Merrion Square Park, where a sculpture of Oscar Wilde adds a touch of literary charm to the landscape. Unveiled in 1997, this statue, crafted from green nephrite jade, white jade, and semi-precious stones, stands as a tribute to one of Ireland’s most renowned individuals.

Restoration Efforts and Non-Profit Organisation

Oscar Wilde’s childhood home, now under the care of a non-profit organization, Oscar Wilde House, has undergone significant restoration efforts. From opening Wilde’s childhood bedroom to the public to allocating all revenue from tours to the building’s restoration fund, the organization is committed to preserving Wilde’s legacy and promoting Dublin’s architectural heritage.

Leinster House: Ireland’s Seat of Government

No journey through Dublin’s architectural marvels would be complete without a stop at Leinster House, the seat of government in Ireland. Located at Kildare Street, this building, designed by the renowned architect Richard Cassels, is not just an architectural marvel but also an important symbol of Ireland’s political history.

Guided Tours and Access

A visit to Leinster House presents a unique chance to delve into Ireland’s political history and architectural heritage. Complimentary public tours are offered on days when the Dáil and Seanad are not in session, offering visitors a glimpse into the heart of Ireland’s political landscape.

Architectural Features and History

With its classical facade and intricate architectural features, Leinster House is a testament to the architectural genius of Richard Cassels. From its width, reflecting the number of days in a year, to the subsequent extensions to accommodate parliamentary functions, every aspect of Leinster House is steeped in symbolism and history.

Phoenix Park and Its Historic Residences

From Leinster House, our journey takes us to Phoenix Park, home to two historic residences, Áras an Uachtaráin and Farmleigh House. Nestled amidst lush greenery, these houses offer a refreshing contrast to the bustling city center, showcasing Dublin’s architectural diversity.

Áras an Uachtaráin

Áras an Uachtaráin, the official residence of the President of Ireland, is a must-visit in Phoenix Park. This mid-18th-century building, initially designed by Nathaniel Clements, stands as a symbol of Ireland’s political history.

Visitors can explore its history and beautiful gardens through guided tours, offering a unique insight into the heart of Ireland’s political landscape.

Farmleigh House

Farmleigh House, a Georgian-Victorian mansion, is another architectural marvel in Phoenix Park. Originally constructed by the Guinness family, this mansion now hosts cultural events and guided tours. It is also home to art galleries and stunning gardens, showcasing Dublin’s cultural and natural heritage.

County Dublin’s Hidden Gems: Lesser-Known Historical Houses

Venturing beyond the city center reveals County Dublin’s hidden architectural gems. These lesser-known historical houses, such as Ardgillan Castle and Gardens and Newbridge House and Farm, offer a different perspective on Dublin’s architectural history, showcasing the city’s diverse architectural landscape.

Ardgillan Castle and Gardens

Among the most beautiful historical houses in County Dublin, Ardgillan Castle and Gardens holds a special place. This 18th-century stone mansion, surrounded by parkland, woodland, and gardens, offers a unique architectural experience. Visitors can explore the castle, learn about its history, and enjoy the beautiful gardens.

Newbridge House and Farm

Lastly, we arrive at Newbridge House and Farm, a Georgian mansion nestled in 370 acres of lush parkland. It is a working farm and houses important Irish antiquities and curiosities, offering a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty.


Exploring Dublin’s historic houses offers a unique perspective into the city’s rich history and architectural grandeur. From the towering townhouses in the city center to the Georgian mansions in Phoenix Park and County Dublin, each house tells a story of a time gone by. So, the next time you’re in Dublin, take a moment to step back in time and explore these architectural marvels. They are indeed a testament to Dublin’s rich architectural history and a reflection of the city’s journey through time.

Frequently Asked Questions About Historical Houses in Dublin

What is the oldest house in Dublin?

Number 130 Thomas Street in Dublin is renowned for being one of the city’s oldest houses. Dating back to the 17th century, this house stands as a testament to Dublin’s rich architectural and historical heritage. Its significance lies in its age and the fact that it represents a period of Dublin’s past that has largely been lost to time and modern development.

What is the most historic part of Dublin?

The most historic part of Dublin is Dublin Castle, built by the Vikings during the 13th century and later occupied by the British administration, showcasing a rich historical significance.

What is the oldest landmark in Dublin?

The oldest landmark in Dublin is the Christ Church Cathedral, founded in 1030 and serving as the spiritual heart of the city for centuries. Christ Church Cathedral is not only the oldest building in Dublin but also the largest and most famous of the city’s many churches.

Who owns Aldborough house?

Aldborough House is owned by Reliance Investment Limited.

What is the significance of the Dutch Billies in Dublin’s history?

The Dutch Billies are a significant part of Dublin’s architectural heritage, symbolizing the city’s rich architectural history. They hold historical significance in the city’s history.

About the author

Latest Posts